Before coming to the legal term, we should first know the prima facie meaning of governance. Governance is a wider term which means governing whether of a country as a whole or of an organisation or a company.
With the usage of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in governance, government is getting more reliable in delivering its services and also in exchanging of information between:
Government to Citizen
Government to employees
Government to government
Government to business
E-governance is introduced with an aim to bring SMART governance (Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive & Transparent)
Simplicity in electronic documentation & various online transactions
Morality in eliminating illegal acts like bribing etc.
Accountability in availing online information for ease of citizens.
Becoming Responsive in speeding up communication, reducing paperwork and initiating ideas for making easy accessibility of information.
Last but not the least, creating a Transparent environment by implementing above objectives.
This contemplates for active presence of government in ways:
Static & Basic presence
Two-way interaction 24×7
E-governance is based on a concept of management mainly of information, maintenance of digital identities of users, online data accessibility, maintenance of various standards to achieve E-governance in the field of Technology, Information Security etc.
Overall, in a simple sense, E-governance is a better & reliable way to enhance Speed, Transparency and Accountability in almost every field.