Dealing Section & Rule – Section 48 of GST ACT & Rule 24
Activities by GST practitioner – Rule 24(9) provides that a GST practitioner can undertake any or all of the following activities on behalf of a registered person, if so authorized by the registered person to-
- furnish the details of outward and inward supplies;
- furnish monthly, quarterly, annual or final return;
- make deposit for credit into the electronic cash ledger;
- file a claim for refund; and
- file an application for amendment or cancellation of a registration.
The GST practitioner shall prepare the statements with due diligence and affix his digital signature on the statements prepared by him or electronically verify using his credentials. For this purpose he has to get digital signature.
Rule 24 (1) gives the eligibility conditions for a GST practitioner which are detailed as below:-
- Citizen of India;
- Person of sound mind;
- Not adjudicated as insolvent;
- Not been convicted by a competent court for an offence with imprisonment not less than two years; and satisfies of the following conditions-
- that he is a retired officer of the Commercial Tax Department of any State Government or of the Central Board of Excise and Customs, Department of Revenue, Government of India, who, during his service under the Government, had worked in a post not lower in rank than that of a Group – B gazette officer for a period of not less than two years; or
- he has passed – (A) a graduate or post graduate degree or its equivalent examination having a degree in commerce, Law, Banking including Higher Auditing, or Business Administration or Business Management from any Indian University established by any law for the time being in force; or (B) a degree examination of any Foreign University recognized by any Indian University as equivalent to the degree examination mentioned in above clause; or (C) any other examination notified by the Government for this purpose; or (D) any degree examination of an Indian University or of any Foreign University recognized by any Indian University as equivalent of the degree examination and has also passed any of the following examinations, namely.-
- final examination of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India; or
- final examination of the Institute of Cost Accountants of India; or
- final examination of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India.
Procedure for enrollment – The following is the procedure for enrolment as a GST practitioner:-
- A person who is eligible to act as GST practitioner may make an application in Form GST PCT – 1 to the officer authorized in this behalf for enrolment of GST practitioner;
- On receipt of the application, the authorized officer shall, after making such inquiry as he considers necessary, either enroll the applicant as a GST practitioner and issue a certificate to that effect in Form GST PCT – 2 or reject his application where it is found that the applicant is not qualified to be enrolled as a GST practitioner.
Validity of certificate – The enrollment made shall be valid until it is cancelled.
Section 48(2) of the Act provides that a registered person may authorize an approved GST practitioner to furnish the details of outward supplies, the details of inwards supplies and the return under Section 39 or Section 44 or Section 45 in such manner as may be prescribed. Rule 24(7) provides that any registered person may, at his option, authorize a GST practitioner on the Common Portal in Form GST PCT – 6 or at any time, withdraw such authorization in Form GST PCT – 7 and the GST practitioner so authorized shall be allowed to undertake such tasks as indicated in Form GST PCT – 6 during the period of authorization.
Where a statement required to be furnished by a registered person has been furnished by the GST practitioner authorized by him, a confirmation shall be sought from the registered person over email or SMS. The statement furnished by the GST practitioner shall be made available to the registered person on the Common Portal. Where the taxable person fails to respond to the request for confirmation till the last date of furnishing such statement, it shall be deemed that he has confirmed the statements furnished by the GST practitioner.
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